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Novus Blog

Common STDs: Types, Symptoms, and Treatment Options

Tubes with blood samples and labels STD Test on light blue background

Aug 16 2023


Everything You Need to Know About Common STDs

Sexually transmitted diseases, or STDs, are something that very few people like to talk about, but it is an important and necessary conversation. With the potential for serious health complications and an impact on overall well-being, it is essential to increase awareness about STDs. 

Novus will be exploring the common types of STDs, their associated symptoms, and available treatment options. By understanding these crucial aspects, we can empower ourselves and others to make informed decisions, promote safe sexual practices, and seek appropriate medical care when necessary. 


Chlamydia is one of the most common STDs and can be spread through oral, anal, or vaginal sex. The most common symptom of chlamydia is a burning sensation when urinating, but some people may have no symptoms at all. If left untreated, it can cause serious damage to the reproductive organs. Treatment for chlamydia includes antibiotics. 

Genital Herpes

Genital herpes is another common STD caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV). It can cause painful sores and blisters in and around the genitals and flu-like symptoms, including fever and body aches. There is no cure for genital herpes, but medications are available to help reduce the severity and frequency of outbreaks.


Gonorrhea is a bacterial infection that can be passed through sexual contact. The most common symptoms are burning when urinating, an unusual discharge from the penis or vagina, and pain in the lower abdomen. Gonorrhea can also cause more serious health problems if it spreads to other parts of the body. Treatment for gonorrhea usually involves antibiotics. 


Syphilis is a bacterial infection passed through direct contact with an open sore or rash. Initial symptoms may include sores around the genitals, mouth, rectum, and swollen glands in the groin area. If untreated, syphilis can cause serious health problems, including blindness and paralysis. Syphilis is treated with antibiotics. 


Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a virus that can cause genital warts and other health problems. Most people don’t experience any symptoms, but some may have painless bumps or warts on the genitals, anus, or mouth. There is no cure for HPV, but it can be managed with medications or treatments.


HIV is a virus that attacks the immune system and can lead to AIDS if left untreated. Common symptoms include fever, fatigue, swollen lymph nodes, weight loss, and other flu-like symptoms. There is no cure for HIV/AIDS, but treatments are available to help manage the virus and keep it from progressing to AIDS.

If you think you may have an STD, it’s important to see a doctor right away for testing and treatment. Early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent serious complications and reduce the risk of spreading the disease. It’s also important to practice safe sex during each sexual encounter. This will help protect you from contracting an STD and reduce the risk of spreading any existing infections.

STD Treatment in Pennsylvania

No matter what, it’s important to be informed about STDs and practice safe sex to protect yourself and your partner. If you think you may have been exposed or are experiencing any symptoms, don’t hesitate to contact Novus in PA. We can provide free testing, treatment options, and prevention strategies.